Setting Up Your Radio...


By now you know that D-STAR is different from the repeaters we are used to. We need to program some information into our radios for them to work properly. Since this can be somewhat confusing and intimidating to do by hand, it is recommended that you use the programming software avaialble for your radio.

For a good discussion and examples of manual programming for the ID-800, see AE7Q's ID-800 Usage page.

MyCALL, UrCALL, RPT1 Call and RPT2 Call are the parameters we are going to set up. It is a good idea to set up a memory channel for each person, system and combination of cross band or gateway options you plan to use. This let's you get on the air quickly by having the necessary info already programmed in your radio... just turn to a memory channel and go.

For details on programming your radio to use the various gateway features, see our Features page.

MYCALL


This identifies your radio. We have more than one ham in our house, so I would program each of our calls into a different memory. That way, if my daughter gets her homework done, she can borrow my radio to talk to her friends.

URCALL


This is the station you want to talk to. Most of the time we set this to "CQCQCQ" as we will be calling "CQ" or doing ragchew/roundtable work. When using the gateway, URCALL will designate who you want to contact or the gateway feature you want to use. To use the gateway to route your traffic, program URCALL for the station you want to contact. The gateway will do a database check and send your traffic to the last location the callsign was heard. Again, set up a memory channel for each of your frequent gateway contacts.

RPT1 Call


This is the callsign of the local repeater you use to access the D-STAR network. The 8th character in the callsign is the "switch", and corresponds to the band you are transmitting on. Insert spaces as necessary so that the switch is in the 8th position. The "_" represents a space. D-STAR "switch" convention designates A as 1.2 GHz, B as 70cm, and C as 2 meters. Below is the N7SNO DV repeater configuration:

23cm DV -OFFLINE
70cm DV 442.700 +5
2M DV -NOT USED TODAY
N7SNO_ _A
N7SNO_ _B
N7SNO_ _C

RPT2 Call


RPT1 Call is the local repeater we use to access the D-STAR system, and RPT2 Call designates where we want our traffic to go to. We can choose one of the other modules, or the gateway, N7SNO_ _G. For your traffic to be heard by linked gateways or DV Dongle users, please set RPT2 Call to the callsign of the gateway you are using. Remember to add spaces as nessesary to put the "switch" in the 8th position so the system knows where to send your traffic. We recommend setting your RPT2 Call to N7SNO_ _G at all times, so linked gateways and DV Dongle users can hear you.

Gateway CQ D-STAR Calculator


Here is a handy tool for figuring out D-STAR Gateway CQ programming parameters: D-STAR Calculator. Select a port to access N7SNO, your destination gateway and band to see a customized list of programming parameters. Click here for more D-STAR Calculator info.

EXAMPLES


Below is a programming example of our recommended configuration for single module use, in this case the 70cm module, N7SNO_B.

This setup allows DV Dongle users and linked gateways & reflectors to hear your traffic. Note that RPT2 Call is set to N7SNO_ _G. Set RPT1 Call to the band you will be transmitting on.

Frequency

Call Sign

Operating
Freq

Dup

Offset
Freq

Mode

Your

Rpt1

Rpt2

Call Type

442.700

+DUP

5.000

DV

CQCQCQ

N7SNO_ _B

N7SNO_ _G

70CM Port & Gateway



Below is a table summarizing what we have just talked about. The first row shows the recomended default single port configuration. Note that RPT2 Call is set to N7SNO_G. This allows connected gateways and DV Dongle users to hear your traffic. The next two rows demonstrate crosbanding to both the local 70 and 23cm ports and simulcasting on all three local ports. The fourth demonstrates calling a specific station, KXRON, using the gateway to find Ron, while the last shows how to call "CQ" thru the gateway to a remote repeater system 70cm port, in this case K7MHI_B. In each case you are transmitting on 70cm. Click here here for a couple other examples. For a good discussion and examples of manual programming for the ID-800, see AE7Q's ID-800 Usage page.


CALL TYPE
MYCALL
URCALL
RPT1 CALL
RPT2 CALL
70cm MODULE & GATEWAY QSO
K7MHJ
CQCQCQ
N7SNO_B
N7SNO_G
70cm to 23cm LOCAL CROSSBAND
K7MHJ
CQCQCQ
N7SNO_B
N7SNO_A
ALL LOCAL PORT SIMULCAST
K7MHJ
N7SNO _ _
N7SNO_B
N7SNO_G
CALLSIGN CALL
K7MHJ
KXRON
N7SNO_B
N7SNO_G
REMOTE GATEWAY CQ
K7MHJ
/K7MHI_B
N7SNO_B
N7SNO_G


N7SNO D-STAR Single Band Programming Parameters

For single band operation we recommend programming RPT2 Call with N7SNO_G. As mentioned above, this allows connected gateways and DV Dongle users to hear your traffic. Below is a table showing programming parameters for single band operation.

Frequency

Call Sign

Operating
Freq

Dup

Offset
Freq

Mode

Your

Rpt1

Rpt2

Call Type

DV

CQCQCQ

N7SNO B

N7SNO G

70cm Port & Gateway

DV

CQCQCQ

N7SNO A

N7SNO G

23cm Port & Gateway